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"Where We Specialize In Grooming The Yorkshire Terrier Breed And All Long-Haired Breeds!"

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Queen Creek, Arizona  85142

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Pet Treat Mystery: More Dogs Dead, 3 People Sick, FDA Says
illnesses or deaths, despite seven years of testing and investigation.
“The agency continues to caution pet owners that jerky treats are not required for a balanced diet
and encourage them to consult with their veterinarians, both prior to feeding treats and if they notice
symptoms in their pets,” FDA said in a statement.
The humans who consumed the treats included two toddlers who ingested them accidentally and an
adult who may have been snacking on the questionable products, which include chicken, duck or
sweet potato jerky treats, an FDA official said.
“The agency continues to caution pet owners that jerky treats are not required for a balanced diet
and encourage them to consult with their veterinarians."
One of the children was diagnosed with a salmonella infection, which can be spread by touching
contaminated pet food and treats. The other child developed gastrointestinal illness and fever that
mirrored the symptoms of dogs in the house that also ate the treats. The adult reported nausea and
headache, said Siobhan DeLancey, an FDA spokeswoman.
The agency has received about 1,800 new reports of illnesses and deaths since its last update in
October, some involving more than one pet. The numbers now include 5,600 dogs and 24 cats.
About 60 percent of the cases involve symptoms of gastrointestinal trouble and liver disease, 30
percent involve kidney disease and about 10 percent involve other complaints, including
neurological and skin conditions, the FDA said. About 15 percent of the kidney or urinary cases also
tested positive for Fanconi syndrome, a rare disease that has been associated with the treats.
Agency officials also said they were able to perform necropsies, or post-death examinations, on 26
dogs submitted by veterinarians from across the country. In half of those cases, the deaths did not
appear to be associated with the treats. Of the remaining 13 cases, an association with eating jerky
treats "could not be ruled out," FDA officials said.
The FDA plans to join with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to launch a study similar
to epidemiological traceback investigations used with people, comparing foods eaten by sick dogs
with foods eaten by pets that did not get sick.
Pet treats made by national manufacturers Nestle Purina Pet Care and Del Monte Foods Corp., now
known as Big Heart Pet Brands, were returned to store shelves recently after a voluntary recall tied
to the discovery of unapproved antibiotic residue in some products last year. FDA officials said they
had received few reports of illness associated with those reformulated products and no Fanconi
syndrome cases.
In response to consumer demand, Milo's Kitchen Chicken Grillers and other products are now made
in the U.S. with U.S.-sourced meat, said Chrissy Trampedach, Big Heart's director of corporate
communications.
Overall, the jerky treat illnesses and deaths have been associated with many different product
brands, officials said.
In the new report, the FDA said it had detected the antiviral drug amantadine in some Chinese
chicken jerky samples sold more than a year ago. Officials said they don't believe the drug
contributed to the animal illnesses or deaths. However, the drug, which is used to treat Parkinson's
disease and influenza in humans, should not be present in jerky treats, officials said. The FDA has
warned Chinese and domestic suppliers that amantadine is considered an adulterant, which could
be grounds for banning the treats for sale in the U.S.
The companies have consistently said that the treats are safe to feed as directed and they've
emphasized that, despite extensive testing, no specific cause of illness has been linked to the
products.
"It's quite sad when you see it dawn on the people that they're trying to reward their best buddy
there and then now they're the ones who have been making them ill."
Pet owners and veterinarians have criticized the FDA for not finding the source of the contamination
more quickly and for not issuing more far-reaching recalls. They say they're sure that the products
are dangerous, and that the reported illnesses and deaths should be more than enough proof.
"Its really hard to look at the number of cases that come in, correlate them with what they're eating
and then go away from that and say, no, it's not related," said Brett Levitzke, a Brooklyn, New York,
veterinarian who has seen more than a dozen dogs since 2011 with Fanconi syndrome.
"It's quite sad when you see it dawn on the people that they're trying to reward their best buddy
there and then now they're the ones who have been making them ill," he told NBC News.
10 WAYS TO STOP TICKS FROM
BITING YOUR DOG















It's no fun having to remove ticks from your
dog during the spring and summer months.
Not only are these blood-suckers nasty to
look at, all filled up with your pet's hard won
blood as they are, they are also notoriously
difficult to dislodge, making it so you have to
get up close and personal in order to assure
success. Because left too long or not
removed entirely, these buggers can cause
some serious diseases. So, what can you do
to keep your dog tick-free this season? Here
are a few ideas to consider …

1. SPOT-ON TREATMENTS

Using an over the counter spot-on medication
that you purchase from your veterinarian, pet
store, or online can be a very effective
method for controlling both ticks and fleas.
These medications are effective at keeping
parasites at bay for up to a month. While
these medications are great, you still need to
be very careful about which one you use.
Make sure you read all labels carefully, and if
you have any doubts, be sure to get advice
from your veterinarian before application.

2. ORAL MEDICATIONS

Pills that are given once a month are readily
available for dogs. These medications can
work to kill both ticks and immature fleas and
will disrupt the life cycle of fleas. They are
easy to give and you won't have to be
concerned about small children and cats
coming into contact with dogs immediately
after application, as you might with spot-on
treatments.

3. SHAMPOOS

Bathing your dog with a shampoo that
contains medicated ingredients will generally
kill ticks on contact. This can be an
inexpensive (though labor-intensive) method
of protecting your dog during the peak tick
season. You will need to repeat the process
more often, about every two weeks, as the
effective ingredients won't last as long as a
spot-on or oral medication.

4. TICK DIPS

A dip is a concentrated chemical that needs
to be diluted in water and applied to the
animal's fur with a sponge or poured over the
back. This treatment is not meant to be
rinsed off after application. The chemicals
used in dips can be very strong, so be sure
to read the labels carefully before use. You
should not use a dip for very young animals
(under four months) or for pregnant or
nursing pets. Ask your veterinarian for advice
before treating puppies, or pregnant or
nursing pets.

5. TICK COLLARS

Collars that repel ticks are an additional
preventive you can use, though they are
mainly only useful for protecting the neck and
head from ticks. The tick collar needs to
make contact with your dog's skin in order to
transfer the chemicals onto the dog's fur and
skin. When putting this type of collar on your
dog, you will need to make sure there is just
enough room to fit two fingers under the
collar when it's around the dog's neck. Cut off
any excess length of collar to prevent your
dog from chewing on it. Watch for signs of
discomfort (e.g., excessive scratching) in
case an allergic reaction to the collar occurs.
Make sure you read the labels carefully when
choosing a collar.

6. POWDERS

Another method of topical medication, tick
powders work to kill and repel ticks from your
dog. These powders should be used with
care during application. Be sure that the
powder you are using is labeled for dogs
before use, as well as for your dog's specific
age. Also, make sure you check the label to
make sure that the product is designed to kill
ticks as well as fleas. This very fine powder
can be an irritant to the mouth or lungs if
inhaled, so use small amounts and slowly rub
it into the skin. Keep powders away from the
face and eyes when applying. You will need
to reapply the product more often, about
once a week during peak season. Some
powders can also be used in areas where
your dog sleeps, and in other parts of the
household your dog frequents.

7. TICK SPRAYS

Another topical application of medication, tick
spray kills ticks quickly and provides residual
protection. Sprays can be used in between
shampoos and dips, and when you are
planning to spend time out in wooded areas
-- where ticks are most prevalent -- with your
dog. Be careful when using this product
around your dog's face, and do not use it on
or around any other animals in the home.

8. TREAT THE HOUSE AND LAWN

Keeping your lawn, bushes, and trees
trimmed back will help reduce the population
of fleas and ticks in your backyard. If there
are fewer areas for these parasites to live
and breed, there will be fewer of them to be
concerned with. If you still have a problem,
consider using one of the various household
and yard sprays orgranular treatments that
are available from your veterinarian, pet
store, or local garden center. Just be careful
when using these products, as they can be
harmful to animals, fish, and humans. If you
have a severe problem or you are concerned
about the proper handling of these
chemicals, you might want to consider hiring
an exterminator to apply yard and area
sprays to control the ticks and fleas.

9. CHECK YOUR DOG(S)

After a romp outside in areas where ticks
could be lurking, be sure to carefully check
your dog for ticks. Look between the toes,
inside the ears, between the legs (in the
"armpits"), and around the neck, deep in the
fur. If you find any ticks before they have had
a chance to attach and become engorged,
you may have prevented serious illness for
your pet. If you do find a tick attached to your
dog, removal should be done immediately
and carefully, making sure to get all parts of
the tick's body

10. KEEP DOG(S) INDOORS

While you do have to take your dog outside a
few times a day, it is probably not a good idea
to allow him to stay outside for extended
periods during the height of tick season.
Preventing your dog from roaming through
wooded areas where ticks are likely to be
lying in wait is a very effective way of keeping
your pet safe from exposure, but you will still
have to check your dog over thoroughly,
even after short walks through grass and
brush. You may still have a few ticks
wandering around your yard, but if you keep
things tidy and use preventives for when your
dog does go out and check your dog over for
any rogue ticks that might have attached
themselves, your dog should have minimal
risk of becoming a meal for ticks this summer
.

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